IOI is one of Malaysia's largest conglomerates. It operates oil palm plantations, facilities for manufacturing specialty fats and oleochemicals, and property investment and development. The company was incorporated in 1969 under Industrial Oxygen Incorporated (IOI) Sdn Bhd, and entered the plantation sector in 1983 through the acquisition of three estates in Pahang, Malaysia. Despite being a co-founder of the RSPO, IOI has faced significant criticism from NGOs such as Greenpeace, Friends of the Earth and Aidenvironment over failures to abide by its own sustainability commitments. These include illegal deforestation, land conflict and fires within company concessions.
RSPO Member : Yes
206,542hectares, all in Malaysia (Johor, Malacca, Negeri Sembilan, Pahang, Sabah, Sarawak)
Supply chain position
Upstream - MidstreamGrower. Processor of crude palm oil and palm kernel oil. Refiner & Trader. Oleochemical producer.
Refineries / capacity
21,800,000 MT / yr
YesNo deforestation, No peat, No exploitation
IOI Oleochemicals, Unico-Desa Plantations Bhd., Perusahaan Mekassar (M) Sdn. Bhd., IOI Pelita Plantation Sdn Bhd., Morisem Palm Oil Mill Sdn Bhd., Dynamic Plantations Berhad, Palmco Plantations (Sabah) Sdn Bhd., Pt Bumi Sawit Sejahtera., Lipid Nutrition Trading (beijing) Co. Ltd., Permodalan Plantations Sdn Bhd.
Crude palm oil and kernel oil, refined palm oil and palm kernel oil, kernel cake, palm fatty acid distillate (PFAD), specialty fats and oils including oleochemicals